Jewish musicians, who were indispensable for festivals and weddings, also lived in the Judengasse.
The favourite instrument was the lute.
Mention is made in 1604 of a lutenist named Moses who played in a comedy.
During the play his lute was broken and he received 8 guilders as compensation for the loss.
Some years later "Seligman the luteplayer" attained a measure of local notoriety.
Jewish musicians were not mentioned as such in the residence code and were thus not the subject of any specific regulations.
They were nevertheless constantly arguing with the city council about whether they were allowed to play in the city outside the Judengasse, particularly during trade fairs.
In 1690 the city council finally banned Jewish musicians from performing outside the Judengasse on penalty of losing their right of residence: this was in response to pressure from Christian musicians who feared the competition.
However, the ban does not seem to have been upheld, since it had to be reimposed 13 years later.
The number of musicians allowed right of residence in the Judengasse was then restricted to four.
In the mid17th century "Jukeff the Fiddler" lived in the Schlüssel; other musicians lived in the Wilde Ente and Tannenbaum complex and the Wetterhahn.