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Börneplatz synagogue

The synagogue on the Börneplatz (originally the Jewish marketplace) was built in 1881/82 and ceremonially consecrated on 10 September 1882. It occupied the site where the hospital for foreign Jews had originally been built in 1780.
The Börneplatz synagogue was the centre of the Orthodox Movement within the Jewish community. It was built at the insistence of Markus Horovitz who made this a condition of his assumption of the position of Orthodox Community Rabbi. In this way the Orthodox Movement within the Frankfurt Community and its rabbi sought an even footing with the supporters of the Jewish Reform Movement, who worshipped in the Main Synagogue. It was also an attempt to prevent orthodox Jews from joining Samson Raphael Hirsch's equally orthodox Israelitische Religionsgesellschaft ("Religious Society of Israelites"), which had owned a synagogue in the Schützenstraße since 1852 and built Frankfurt's largest synagogue in the Friedberger Anlage in 1907.
The Börneplatz synagogue was built to plans by the architect Siegfried Kusnitzky and had 520 places for men and 360 for women. In 1901 400 additional places were added. Conservative (i.e. orthodox) service rituals necessitate specific architectural features, such as the separation of men and women, a dais for the cantor in the centre of the hall, and the omission of an organ.
On the night of 9 November 1938 ("Kristallnacht") the synagogue was set on fire by the Nazis and completely destroyed. In 1939 the ruins were removed. Max Beckmann's famous painting of 1919 depicts the synagogue.

© Jüd. Museum Frankfurt 1992-2002 /  Sources