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The festival of Purim is celebrated on 14/15 Adar, in Spring. It recalls the saving of the Persian Jews from extinction. The Esther Scroll (Megillat Esther) is read in the synagogue, recounting the origin of the festival. The legend does not, however, reflect historical fact. By longestablished custom, children shake special Purim rattles during the reading of the Esther Scroll every time the name of Haman, the Persian enemy of the Jews, is pronounced. The day before the festival is a fasting day.
Purim is a secular feastday on which work is permitted. Its principal feature is festivity: presents are sent to friends, gifts are made to the poor, special meals are prepared, alcohol drunk and fancydress worn.

© Jüd. Museum Frankfurt 1992-2002 /  Sources